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National Hispanic Heritage Month, which begins each year on Sept. Latinostheir culture and their history. Started in by Congress as Hispanic Heritage Week, it was expanded to a month in The celebration begins in the middle rather than the start of September because Latina needs a man coincides with national independence days in several Latin American countries: Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica celebrate theirs on Sept.
As part of our ongoing research of Hispanics in the United States, we analyzed how this group has changed over time using several data sources from the U. Census Bureau. The decennial census PL census data provided state and national population counts, and population estimates provided data on births. We also examined characteristics of the U. Hispanic population using the American Community Survey, which provides data on Hispanic origin, language use, country of birth and educational attainment.
Finally, the Current Population Survey provided data on school enrollment. The U. Hispanic population reached InHispanics made up nearly one-in-five people in the U. Hispanics have played a major role in driving U. The of Latinos who say they are multiracial has increased dramatically.
More than 20 million Latinos identified with more than one race on the census, up from just 3 million in The increase could be due to a of factors, including changes to the census form that make it easier for people to identify with multiple races and growing racial diversity among Latinos.
At the same time, the of Latinos who identify as White and no other race declined from Hispanics have become the largest racial or ethnic group in California. Inthere were about The non-Hispanic White population, the next largest group, declined from In the next two largest Latino states by population, Texas New Mexico has 1.
Three states saw their Hispanic populations increase by more than 1 million from Latina needs a man All 50 states and the District of Columbia have seen growth in their Hispanic populations since North and South Dakota have seen the fastest growth in their Hispanic populations since Even with the high growth rates, each of these states now has fewer than 40, Hispanics, among the smallest populations in the country. Newborns have driven growth of the U.
Hispanic population, a trend that accelerated in the s due to a decline in immigration. From to9. By comparison, 3. This is a reversal of historical trends. In the s and s, immigration drove Hispanic population growth in the U. The share of Latinos in the U. Among the U. Even though the share of Latinos who speak Spanish at home has declined, the who do so has grown from Meanwhile, The share of U. Hispanics with college experience has increased since The of Latinos enrolled in college also increased from tofrom 2. A gender gap in college enrollment exists among all racial groups.
Among all U. Those of Puerto Rican origin are the next largest group, at 5. Six other Hispanic origin groups in the U. The fastest population growth among U. Latinos has come among those with origins in Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras. From tothe Venezuelan population in the U. Four-in-five Latinos are U. This includes people born in the U. Among the origin groups, virtually all Puerto Ricans are U.
Latinos who are immigrants is on the decline and varies by origin group. From tothe of Latino immigrants increased modestly, from Each of these groups saw the immigrant share of their populations decline from to People born in Puerto Rico are U. Note: This post has been regularly updated since it was originally published on Sept.
Say "Alexa, enable the Pew Research Center flash briefing". Today, more than 40 million people living in the U. Born afterthe oldest Gen Zers will turn 23 this year.
They are racially and ethnically diverse, progressive and pro-government, and more than 20 million will be eligible to vote in November. The census has drawn attention to some layers of Hispanic identity, providing details about how Hispanics view their racial identity.
Border Patrol reported nearlyencounters with migrants along the U. Americans show more support than opposition for two infrastructure bills; majorities favor raising taxes on large businesses and high-income households. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Newsletters Donate My. Research Topics. Share this link:. Key facts about U. Hispanics and their diverse heritage. Hispanic population surpassed 60 million inbut growth has slowed.
Migrant encounters at U. Follow Us.Latina needs a man
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Key facts about U.S. Latinos for National Hispanic Heritage Month